I spent last Saturday at London's City Lit on a one-day course called Mystical and Legendary London.
The course, which ran from 10.30am to 4.30pm, aimed to explore the history and legends of our capital city. I felt it was something of a tall order to cover so much in just one day, but I wasn't disappointed.
As course tutor and City of London guide Robert Stephenson said, London is an ancient place and human activity on the site predates the Romans by centuries, if not millennia. It is also a city that has been perceived by many as having its own spirit - depicted in such things as a Roman statue called The Spirit of London that is now in the Museum of London.
In the morning, we were taken on a visual tour of London's origins - beginning with slides of the prehistoric mounds in Greenwich Park and Boudicca's Mound on Parliament Hill. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth's The History of the Kings of Britain, written in around 1135, the city was founded after the Trojan Wars by the hero Brutus of Troy. Legends say that he was guided to the site by the Goddess Diana.
Brutus gave his name to the country Britain, but it was King Lud, who lived in the city in 73 BC and called it Caer Ludd, or Lud's castle, who gave London the origins of its current name. Ludgate is also named after him.
Brutus and Lud are joined by another king as legendary protectors of London. King Bran the Blessed's head is said to be buried in the Tower of London, facing France, to ward off Britain's enemies.
London's churches are steeped in legend - which isn't surprising as many are built on ancient foundations, sometimes on the sites of pre-Christian temples. When St Brides burnt down in the Second World War, archaeologists found six churches had been built there, the oldest being a Roman temple. St Brides Well, also on the site, was probably used for pagan rituals even before the Romans built there.
In the afternoon, Robert related tales of ghosts, including Maggs bookshop - supposedly the most haunted house in London, although the bookshop owners say no ghosts have been seen there in recent times, and Cleopatra's Needle, on the Thames Embankment, where the spirit of a suicide is said to linger. Others have claimed to see an angel hovering over the water there - and one recent sighting was *almost* captured on YouTube.
Other topics covered included sanctuaries, ley lines and London's terrestrial zodiac. I hope to write more about these on my blog some time soon.
It was a fascinating day, with an extremely knowledgeable speaker. Robert Stephenson will be giving a lecture on Wednesday 28 October entitled The Gruesome History of Bodysnatching at The Mortuary, St Marychurch Street, SE16 4JE. The event is organised by Rotherhithe and Bermondsey Local History Group. It starts at 7.30pm and costs £1.50. For more details visit http://www.kingstairs.com/rotherhithe/
City Lit frequently runs courses in mythology, folklore and the legends of Britain. The college is at Keeley Street, Covent Garden, Camden, London WC2B 4BA. For more details, visit the website http://www.citylit.ac.uk/
To find out more about mystical and legendary London, here is the reading list of books of interest that Robert Stephenson handed out at the course:
The History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth c1135
Guide to Legendary London by J Mathews & C Potter
Prehistoric London: Its Mounds and Circles by Elizabeth O Gordon
Legendary London: Early London in Tradition and History by Lewis Spence
London Walks and Legends (A Mayflower book) by Mary Cathcart Borer
Lud Heat and Suicide Bridge by Iain Sinclair
The Lost Rivers of London: A Study of Their Effects Upon London and Londoners, and the Effects of London and Londoners on Them by Nicholas Barton
Haunted London by Peter Underwood
Patterns of Thought: Hidden Meaning of the Great Pavement of Westminster Abbey by Richard Foster
Old Customs and Ceremonies of London by Margaret Brentnall
Earthstars: Geometric Groundplan Underlying London's Ancient Sacred Sites and Its Significance for the New Age by Chris Street
The New Jerusalem by Adrian Gilbert
Psychogeography (Pocket Essentials) by Merlin Coverley